The three parts are designed to clearly document the expereinces of users and non-users, the system infterfaces and technology architectures that deliver those expereinces and analyze the needs and wants of users and how those are met or not met. In the first months of the project, the team will work intensively to make the current Library Simplified application, funded through IMLS Grant LG, configurable to support the Open eBooks project. Through beta testing and the work NYPL conducted with its nine partner libraries leading up to the first release of the iOS application, the most necessary next features are clear.
Device Platforms Feature releases are planned throughout the development schedule.
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After iOS, Android is the most commonly used mobile operating system in the United States, and ensuring that the majority of patrons can access e-content on their smart phones and tablets is the first priority for LEAP. From February through May , the team will focus on creating Kindle and web browser compatible versions of Library Simplified. While a version of the application that can be used across all Kindle devices is unlikely, a version that works on Kindle Fire will be achievable. Because this will expand upon some of the code developed for Android support it is scheduled for development later in the grant period.
Additional features will be added once the application is functional on a variety of platforms. Other work on the Library Simplified application will add additional backend functionality to improve the user experience, though this may be less visible to end-users. The application will succeed in simplifying library e-book access to approximately three clicks through a variety of such back-end innovations, such as: Authenticating users against the ILS via their library card numbers and PIN credentials; Rendering EPUB2 and EPUB 3 content; Providing a unified catalogue of content hosted by 3M and OverDrive; Hosting and distributing both public domain content and other e-books not protected by DRM; Auto classifying and normalizing e-content classifications; and Auto generating missing metadata such as book cover-art and descriptions.
These are some of the latest, most open, and lowest cost digital publishing industry standards and technologies, and advancing them will ultimately contribute to the replicability and ease of implementation of the Library Simplified application at libraries nationwide. Because Library Simplified is built using open Readium technologies it is compatible with industry publication formats and web standards, has favorable licensing regimes, and enables the use of alternative DRM technologies such as Readium LCP.
This solution will be highly interoperable with other e-book platforms.
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In order to encrypt and decrypt e-books protected with commercial DRM technologies, the application will include commercial licensed software components. Additional back-end extensions will build support for e-content classification, recommendations, reviews, dictionaries and annotations; extend the back-end application services to allow content queue management, license, and publisher meta-data management; implement content host and aggregation services; and build the API infrastructure for easier integration by third party systems.
The white label application will be able to integrate the APIs needed for related e-book projects and platforms with only minimal developer time. Subject to the availability of funds and IMLS discretion, IMLS anticipates continuing to be a partner in both managing Open eBooks and developing other potential implementations of Library Simplified designed to serve special audiences with compelling need.
Through anticipated participation in regularly scheduled calls, IMLS staff would weigh in on the rolling priorities in this area and provide feedback and input on prioritizing issues that are most pressing to be resolved to meet the needs of various library stakeholders.
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New features will be integrated into application releases starting in late , however the order of their prioritization will depend on partner and user feedback gained through regular partner calls and convenings. The open source code repository associated with the application will also be kept current so that partners and others will be able to implement the latest, most problem-free iteration of the project. The project team will engage directly with users and with partner libraries to solicit feedback and to increase their awareness of the needs and wants of patrons. The project will create a back-end content catalogue, specifically asit relates to public domain e-books, and will implement improved public domain content management interfaces for all phases of the content discovery, access, and reading process.
This is the first step in expanding the white label Library Simplified application from a discovery and reading platform to one that enables libraries to aggregate and host their own content. DPLA and NYPL will address issues currently plaguing public domain e-books which make them difficult for libraries to ingest and serve, and challenging for patrons to locate and read.
These issues include duplicate versions of works; missing, inaccurate, incomplete, and catalogue-incompatible metadata; and unidentifiable jacket covers. The project team will identify born-digital i. The team will also create book covers—using both computer-generated and community-contributed artwork—for the many titles that do not currently have them. An Open Access Content server built into the Library Simplified application will be able to mirror locally-hosted public domain files from a variety of institutions, syncing and normalizing their metadata through the data wrangler and increasing the amount of content discoverable through the application.
IMLS staff will provide feedback and input on public domain content to prioritize over the course of the project. The collection will also be discoverable through the DPLA portal, which directs users to library-hosted digital content, and through the proposed Content Exchange, if built. Public domain work will be augmented by at least four public domain e-book hackathons, like the one hosted by NYPL Labs and the Readium Foundation in January Similar to Library Simplified, this application could link users to the e-book collections available at their local public libraries while also serving works in the public domain.
The nine named partners on the current Library Simplified grant have proven to be highly engaged, participating in regular meetings and calls, and in self-formed working groups. Ultimately, more libraries have regularly participated in Library Simplified conversations than were named as partners. This pool of interested libraries, library systems, technologists, and publishers has grown continuously over the past two years, and growth is expected to continue due to the number of community-building and convening activities planned during the grant period.
For a complete list of partners see Attachment C. The number of informal project partners will continue to grow throughout the grant period. Partnerships and consensus building will play an important role in the iterative process of project development, and NYPL will continue working with partners to build out and improve the Library Simplified application.
Partners represent a diverse array of libraries and library systems from urban and rural areas across the country, and have been selected for their engagement in discussions and experiments around library e-book lending. Some will participate in UX analysis, the review of architectural options, and the prioritization of features, and will provide ongoing feedback.
Other partners will implement the white label Library Simplified application at their organizations, market its availability, and report on user uptake and feedback. Still others will engage with some of the broader challenges to a field-wide ecosystem of affordable, accessible library e-books.
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Many consortium library systems have experience in experimenting with alternative e-content acquisition, hosting, and delivery methods, and these consortia partners will be involved in planning creative solutions such as the Content Exchange outlined below. DPLA will activate its network of libraries, librarians, data specialists, and technologists in order to facilitate the creation of an open source developer community dedicated to the ongoing maintenance of the Library Simplified application. After the startup and initial adoption phases are complete, DPLA will house and maintain the resulting application source code and its open source community.
The project partners are committed to growing the network of libraries and other stakeholders with an interest in reshaping the library e-content ecosystem, and bringing together as many of these interested parties as possible is a high priority. Convenings will provide ample opportunities for gathering feedback, creating new connections, driving nationwide adoption of the Library Simplified application, and the sustainability planning and product development for a possible Library Content Exchange.
IMLS staff will participate, at IMLS expense and subject to the availability of funds, in the community building activities and events.
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Similarly, IMLS staff will participate in the planning and development of the agendas for these events. Partner and non-partner feedback from these convenings will be crucial in determining the success and future trajectory of LEAP, and will help establish the viability of a national, community-driven, nonprofit Content Exchange. Phase 2 of LEAP will address library access to the e-content supply chain.
This project proposes to seek solutions that help libraries source and aggregate their own e-content, and to deeply explore the possibility of a nonprofit, national Content Exchange. Recent conversations with partner libraries and other field-wide stakeholders have pointed towards an e-content exchange as a favorable solution to obtain library e-content for patron access. Partners anticipate that a Content Exchange will have several benefits, including enhanced protection of user data; a less fragmented user experience; better ROI for libraries looking to purchase e-content, freeing up a larger portion of collections budgets; and improved business relationships with publishers, which may also impact both the quality and cost of e-content licensing.
Because project phases will not be sequential, conversations will begin at the start of the grant period, and some convenings may include discussion about both Library Simplified application expansion and Content Exchange pilot planning. Convenings will take place on a roughly quarterly basis, with partner calls and informal phone meetings occurring more regularly. The DPLA will manage covening logistics while working to build a self-sustaining community that will promote, maintain, and improve both LEAP products throughout the grant period and beyond.
A Sustainability Plan will be created based on thorough literature review, user analysis, interviews with key stakeholders and existing providers, especially staff from libraries who have already begun hosting e-books. This will include: A clear and data-rich summary of relevant background information about e-books and libraries, including the problems libraries face in serving e-books and the opportunities for improvement; Analysis of the historic and likely future growth rate of the library e-book market; Analysis of the likely drivers and rates of adoption by libraries, and the resulting gross revenue that an Exchange could receive; A detailed assessment of the costs of starting and operating an Exchange.
The team will gauge their reactions and adjust the proposal accordingly. Because sustainability planning and convening activities will be mutually reinforcing, conversations will result in an increasingly clear consensus around how libraries can best move forward together to build, pilot, and share an Exchange.
In consultation with partners and other experts, the NYPL will also design the proposed Content Exchange, which will be a piece of middleware capable of aggregating and connecting digital content stores and locally-hosted content repositories.
For content acquisition and publisher distribution services the project team will evaluate commercial platforms such as Firebrand Technologies, Odillo, and DeMarque. The team will sketch a variety of products to identify the most user-friendly and impactful design, and project partners will be asked to review and provide feedback on these options. LEAP will establish an open source community around all project products to ensure that the code is maintained and updated, or such a role may be taken on by either DPLA or a new nonprofit entity as resolved during the Sustainability Planning phase.
Design While the partners who will ultimately build and pilot a Content Exchange are yet to be determined, much of the infrastructure that NYPL will build to support related e-book projects will also be available to be leveraged in support of this Exchange. This includes the technical app architecture, which may be deployed in support of Open eBooks, and similar specialized e-book projects. Building these products at NYPL enables the Library to take a responsive approach to partner feedback and to changes in the field, and also allows for deeper engagement with the open source developer community in the form of hackathons, code sprints, and other technologist-focused convenings.
The LEAP partners currently envision a functional pilot Content Exchange as the natural next stage for the project, once all sustainability and technical planning is in place. Pilot planning will start immediately and will continue throughout the grant period; this will involve working towards consensus on the right product design, technical architecture, and model for governance.
More technical implementation planning will begin later, and will involve several months of finalizing pilot specifics, staff training on operating required technology and navigating the Exchange, and scheduling pilot test sites for setup. NYPL will participate in this pilot, as will additional interested libraries and consortiums. Chicagoland Assn. Of Educ. Council ; V-Ch. The assurance that women of color from around the world would be involved was a significant development. The round Table has now been advanced to a section which is a significant recognition of its importance by IFLA.
Jenkinson, in the Journal of Library History, Vol. Round Table North Central Assn. Serving as a Councilor of the American Library Association is an opportunity to serve the profession and the membership, as well as the community of library users. It is through the Council that expressions of membership concerns are most often heard. The issues of intellectual freedom, censorship and social issues are still with us.
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We must work harder to meet the needs of our constituencies. We must reinforce our commitment to serve the unserved and underserved. We must respond to the concerns of minorities within our profession as well as our concern for financial remuneration consistent with the importance of our role in society. Finally I fully support the efforts of the Association to meet the financial needs of library workers by encouraging the Allied Professional Association to work for better salaries.
I have collaborated with IT departments to create a workflow to catalog a backlog of thousands of monographs quickly and efficiently. I have worked with Student Support Services to reach at-risk students to help with research and writing. I have also collaborated with the English department in order to make sure that every Freshman has an introduction to information literacy and become familiar with the library. The Experiences of People of Color in Academia.
Sacramento: Library Juice Press. Booker, Latrice. I am concerned with the future of collective learning. By restricting access to there is a divide in this society when it comes to access to various information sources. There is the information elite and those who have restricted access to information. There is a problem with the information disparity that exists. Paywall content such as newspapers and academic journals limit access to only the privileged, leaving disadvantaged populations starved for information.
For collective learning and collaboration to continue, information should not be restricted to only the elite.